Mar 14, 2015

Intersubject information mapping: revealing canonical representations of complex natural stimuli

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Nikolaus Kriegeskorte

Abstract

Real-world time-continuous stimuli such as video promise greater naturalism for studies of brain function. However, modeling the stimulus variation is challenging and introduces a bias in favor of particular descriptive dimensions. Alternatively, we can look for brain regions whose signal is correlated between subjects, essentially using one subject to model another. Intersubject correlation mapping (ICM) allows us to find brain regions driven in a canonical manner across subjects by a complex natural stimulus. However, it requires a direct voxel-to-voxel match between the spatiotemporal activity patterns and is thus only sensitive to common activations sufficiently extended to match up in Talairach space (or in an alternative, e.g. cortical-surface-based, common brain space). Here we introduce the more general approach of intersubject information mapping (IIM). For each brain region, IIM determines how much information is shared between the subjects' local spatiotemporal activity patterns. We estimate the intersubject mutual information using canonical correlation analysis applied to voxels within a spherical searchlight centered on each voxel in turn. The intersubject information estimate is invariant to linear transforms inc...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Computer Software
Spatial Memory
Study
Patterns
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Research Subject
Natural Products
Structure of Temporal Pole
Brain
Anatomical Space Structure

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