Intervention versus standard medical treatment in patients with symptomatic occlusion of the internal carotid artery: a randomised oxygen-15 PET study

EJNMMI Research
Suzanne PersoonCatharina J M Klijn

Abstract

The aim of this randomised pilot study was to investigate the haemodynamic effects measured by oxygen-15 positron emission tomography (PET) of interventional treatment consisting of either endarterectomy or endovascular treatment of stenosed cerebropetal arteries, or tapering of antihypertensive medication in comparison with standard medical treatment alone in patients with symptomatic internal carotid artery (ICA) occlusion. Twenty-three patients with symptomatic ICA occlusion underwent PET scanning at baseline and after 3 months. Twelve patients were randomised to intervention (either endarterectomy or endovascular treatment of stenosed cerebropetal arteries, or tapering of antihypertensive medication) and 11 to standard medical treatment alone. Primary outcome was a change in cerebral blood flow (CBF), cerebral blood volume (CBV) and/or oxygen extraction fraction (OEF) after 3 months measured by PET. There were no differences in changes in CBF, CBV or OEF between the two groups. Only patients with compromised perfusion at presentation showed a borderline significant increase in CBF of 2.8 mL/min/100 mL (95% confidence interval 0.0 to 5.7) after intervention (n = 7). This pilot study shows that in patients with symptomatic IC...Continue Reading

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Citations

Nov 15, 2014·Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation·Hiroshi YamauchiTatsuya Higashi
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Related Concepts

Antihypertensive Agents
Carotid Arteries
Pharmacotherapy
Endarterectomy
Oxygen Extraction
Pilot Projects
Positron-Emission Tomography
Randomization
Occlusion of Internal Carotid Artery
Injury of Internal Carotid Artery

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