Intestinal intussusception.

Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
Susan M Cera


Intussusception is defined as the invagination of one portion of the bowel into an immediately adjacent portion. Etiology, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment are different in the pediatric and adult populations. In the pediatric population, most cases are idiopathic and result in the common scenario of ileocolic intussusception. Factors involved in causation include anatomic features of the developing gastrointestinal tract and infectious influences. In adults, the intussusceptum is typically the result of a mucosal, intramural, or extrinsic lead point that acts as a focal area of traction pulling the proximal portion of bowel into the peristalsing distal portion. The diagnosis and management in the pediatric population is relatively standardized with nonoperative reduction via air or contrast enemas attempted first. In the adult population, intussusception presents a preoperative diagnostic challenge; although surgical intervention is mandatory, intraoperative management remains controversial.


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