PMID: 708286Aug 1, 1978Paper

Intra-aortic balloon pumping: theory and practice. Experience with 325 patients

Artificial Organs
S R IgoJ C Norman


Intra-aortic balloon pumping to support the failing circulation is now an accepted therapeutic modality. The device is simple. Insertion can be accomplished rapidly and efficiently in emergency rooms, coronary care units, cardiac catheterization suites and operating rooms, preoperatively, intraoperatively and postoperatively. The hemodynamic effects are immediate and predictable, and the accruing clinical results show increasing survival and hospital discharge rates. In these institutions, mechanical support of the circulation by this and more advanced methods has been formalized within the responsibility of a Circulatory Support Service. The purpose of this report is to summarize some observations and analyses which have been made during care of 325 consecutive postcardiotomy and/or postinfarction cardiogenic shock patients. Historical, theoretical, basic, and applied aspects and current results are included. Foremost are the straightforward concepts of considering the heart as a pump, the failing heart as a failing pump and intra-aortic balloon pumping as a temporary intravascular, auxiliary pump, capable of stabilizing or reversing that failure if utilized early in its evolution.


May 20, 1978·Lancet
Sep 1, 1977·The American Journal of Cardiology·A A LefemineM Lewis
Nov 1, 1976·Archives of Surgery·J AlpertV Parsonnet
Jun 1, 1976·The Annals of Thoracic Surgery·G C KaiserV L Willman
Jun 1, 1976·The Annals of Thoracic Surgery·W R Webb
May 10, 1973·The New England Journal of Medicine·S ScheidtA Kantrowitz
Nov 11, 1969·The American Journal of Physiology·H M SpotnitzE Braunwald
May 1, 1970·The American Journal of Cardiology·C W UrschelE Sonnenblick
Jan 8, 1968·JAMA : the Journal of the American Medical Association·A KantrowitzJ L Sherman


Jan 1, 1986·The Annals of Thoracic Surgery·P M SanfelippoR F McVicker
Nov 1, 1985·Thorax·W T VigneswaranK G Davidson
Dec 19, 2013·Heart, Lung & Circulation·Aslihan KucukerErol Sener
Jan 1, 1989·Scandinavian Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery·J HedenmarkH Tydén
Dec 1, 1984·IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering·D Jaron, T W Moore
Jul 1, 1980·The Annals of Thoracic Surgery·L A GoldingD F Phillips
Nov 1, 1983·Circulation·L G VeasyM M Boucek

Related Concepts

Assisted Circulation
Intra-Aortic Balloon Pumping

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection

Lipidomics can be used to examine the lipid species involved with pathogenic conditions, such as viral associated inflammation. Discovered the latest research on Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection.

Spatio-Temporal Regulation of DNA Repair

DNA repair is a complex process regulated by several different classes of enzymes, including ligases, endonucleases, and polymerases. This feed focuses on the spatial and temporal regulation that accompanies DNA damage signaling and repair enzymes and processes.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Torsion Dystonia

Torsion dystonia is a movement disorder characterized by loss of control of voluntary movements appearing as sustained muscle contractions and/or abnormal postures. Here is the latest research.

Archaeal RNA Polymerase

Archaeal RNA polymerases are most similar to eukaryotic RNA polymerase II but require the support of only two archaeal general transcription factors, TBP (TATA-box binding protein) and TFB (archaeal homologue of the eukaryotic general transcription factor TFIIB) to initiate basal transcription. Here is the latest research on archaeal RNA polymerases.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Central Pontine Myelinolysis

Central Pontine Myelinolysis is a neurologic disorder caused most frequently by rapid correction of hyponatremia and is characterized by demyelination that affects the central portion of the base of the pons. Here is the latest research on this disease.