Intra-procedural arrhythmia during cardiac catheterization: A systematic review of literature

World Journal of Cardiology
Fatima A ShaikXuming Dai

Abstract

Cardiac catheterization is among the most performed medical procedures in the modern era. There were sporadic reports indicating that cardiac arrhythmias are common during cardiac catheterization, and there are risks of developing serious and potentially life-threatening arrhythmias, such as sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT), ventricular fibrillation (VF) and high-grade conduction disturbances such as complete heart block (CHB), requiring immediate interventions. However, there is lack of systematic overview of these conditions. To systematically review existing literature and gain better understanding of the incidence of cardiac arrhythmias during cardiac catheterization, and their impact on outcomes, as well as potential approaches to minimize this risk. We applied a combination of terms potentially used in reports describing various cardiac arrhythmias during common cardiac catheterization procedures to systematically search PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane databases, as well as references of full-length articles. During right heart catheterization (RHC), the incidence of atrial arrhythmias (premature atrial complexes, atrial fibrillation and flutter) was low (< 1%); these arrhythmias were usually transient and self-limited....Continue Reading

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Citations

Sep 15, 2020·Journal of the American Heart Association·Yochai Birnbaum, Kjell Nikus
Jun 26, 2021·JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions·Dean J KereiakesZiad A Ali
Aug 26, 2021·Clinical Case Reports·Ourania KarikiVassilis Voudris

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Methods Mentioned

BETA
Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty

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