Jan 1, 1989

Intracellular compartmentation of diadenosine tetraphosphate (Ap4A) and dTTP in rat liver

The International Journal of Biochemistry
M Andersson, L Lewan

Abstract

1. The intracellular compartmentation of diadenosine tetraphosphate (Ap4A) and of dTTP was studied in rat liver cells using non-aqueous glycerol for the isolation of cell nuclei. 2. This method allows a stepwise removal of cytoplasm from the nuclei. 3. The decrease in Ap4A or dTTP during the process was compared to the simultaneous decrease in RNA, which was taken to represent the cytoplasm. 4. In regenerating liver excised 24 hr after partial hepatectomy, Ap4A was almost equally distributed between the nucleus and cytoplasm. 5. In livers from unoperated control rats, the nuclear concentration of Ap4A was slightly elevated compared to that of whole cells. dTTP was only investigated in regenerating liver. 6. Significantly higher concentrations were found in the nuclear fractions. 7. The purest nuclei contained about 26% of whole cell levels of dTTP, while their RNA values had decreased to 7% of the whole cell RNA. 8. Considering that the liver cell nucleus comprises about 7% of the entire cell mass, a nuclear dTTP concentration of 26% indicates significantly higher dTTP levels in the nuclear compartment than in the cytoplasm of regenerating rat liver cells.

  • References38
  • Citations2

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Thymidine 5'-triphosphate, trisodium salt
Glycerin
Energy Metabolism
Protoplasm
August Rats
Cell Nucleus
Cell Compartmentation
Entire Cell
Thymidine 5'-triphosphate
Dinucleoside Polyphosphates

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.