Intracellular pH and the distribution of weak acids and bases in isolated rat superior cervical ganglia

The Journal of Physiology
D A Brown, J Garthwaite


1. The steady-state intracellular/extracellular concentration ratios (Ci/Co) of a number of radiolabelled weak bases in isolated rat superior cervical ganglia were measured. 2. Observed values for Ci/Co (mean +/- S.E. of mean) were [3H]nicotine, 6.17 +/- 0.12; [14C]morphine, 6.08 +/- 0.14 [3H]atropine, 7.10 +/- 0.16; [14C]trimethylamine, 6.73 +/- 0.13; [14C]procaine, 10.13 +/- 0.26. If Ci/Co were determined by the transmembrane pH gradient, the intracellular pH (pHi) appropriate to these concentration gradients lay between 6.4 and 6.6 at an extracellular pH (pHo) of 7.4. 3. the steady-state value of Ci/Co for the weak acid 5,5-dimethyl-2,4-oxazolidinedione (DMO) was 0.87 +/- 0.007. The appropriate pHi was 7.31 +/- 0.003. 4. The difference between the values of pHi calculated from the distribution of the weak bases and of DMO could not be attributed to (i) experimental error, (ii) partial permeation of protonated base, (iii) intracellular binding or carrier-mediated transport of base, (iv) lipid uptake of base or (v) different pK'a inside and outside cells. 5. The difference between the measurements of pHi made with DMO and nicotine (pHDMO-pHnic) was reduced or abolished by uncoupling agents, which act as transmembrane proton ca...Continue Reading


Jan 1, 1988·Neir̆ofiziologiia = Neurophysiology·A E Valeev, N I Chernevskaia
Dec 1, 1980·British Journal of Pharmacology·D A BrownR D White
Feb 1, 1983·Experimental Cell Research·R Christen

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