Jan 1, 1976

Intracellular protein breakdown. VI. Isolation, properties and biological significance of cathepsin D from rat liver

Acta biologica et medica Germanica
B WiederandersJ Langner


The preparation and properties of cathepsin D from rat liver are reported. The enzyme is an endopeptidase of lysosomal origin. The molecular weight was estimated to be 49000 by sodium-dodecylsulfate electrophoresis. We did not find any dissociation into subunits under reducing conditions, in contrast to some other authors. We found the enzyme to occur in at least 4 forms with the isoelectric points 5.87, 5.65, 5.41 and 5.13. Strong -SH-blocking reagents inhibit the activity, but the most powerful and specific inhibitor was pepstatin (Ki=38 nM). The substrate specificity is discussed. There was no proof for any zymogen activation in a great number of experiments. Since the cathepsins B1, B3 and L obviously seem to play the major role in the intracellular protein breakdown within the rat liver, the main task of cathepsin D is the degradation of extracellular proteins in this organ.

  • References
  • Citations


  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations


  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Protein Degradation, Regulatory

About this Paper

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.

Related Papers

Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
P BenesV Vetvicka
The Journal of Investigative Dermatology
R J HarvimaW L Epstein
© 2020 Meta ULC. All rights reserved