Dec 1, 1987

Intracoronary ethyl alcohol or phenol injection ablates aconitine-induced ventricular tachycardia in dogs

Journal of the American College of Cardiology
H InoueD P Zipes

Abstract

The hypothesis whether localized ventricular tachycardia could be ablated by myocardial necrosis induced with chemical agents injected into a coronary artery was tested. In 59 anesthetized dogs, a diagonal branch of the left anterior descending coronary artery was cannulated either occlusively or nonocclusively. Localized ventricular tachycardia was induced by injecting approximately 0.01 ml of 30 micrograms/ml of aconitine solution into the left ventricular wall perfused by the cannulated diagonal branch in 54 dogs. In eight untreated control dogs, aconitine-induced ventricular tachycardia lasted 10.2 +/- 2.3 minutes or degenerated into ventricular fibrillation after 7.0 +/- 4.0 minutes. In the remaining 46 dogs, 1 ml of saline solution, 25, 50 or 100% ethyl alcohol or 0.94 ml (mean [range 0.4 to 2.0]) of 25% phenol at room temperature was injected into the occluded coronary artery and 1 ml of 100% ethyl alcohol at body temperature was injected into the nonoccluded coronary artery. Ventricular tachycardia was eliminated in 9 (82%) of 11 dogs receiving phenol, 7 (88%) of 8 dogs receiving 100% ethyl alcohol occlusively, 6 (75%) of 8 dogs receiving 100% ethyl alcohol nonocclusively and 6 (67%) of 9 dogs receiving 50% ethyl alcoho...Continue Reading

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Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Acne preparations ethyl alcohol
Ventricular Fibrillation
Necrosis
Ethanol
Abnormal Degeneration
Phenol
Left Ventricular Structure
Chemical Agents
Myocardium
Myocardial Infarction

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