PMID: 7086712Feb 1, 1982Paper

Intraerythrocytic development of Plasmodium knowlesi: structure, temperature- and Ca2+-response of the host and parasite membranes

The Journal of protozoology
F WunderlichE Königk


Thin-sectioning and freeze-etching electron microscopy were applied to explore the structure and the temperature- and Ca2+-response of the different host and parasite membranes during intraerythrocytic development of Plasmodium knowlesi in Macaca mulatta. The plasma membrane of uninfected erythrocytes is temperature- and Ca2+-responsive: chilling to 4 degrees C and exposure to 5 mM Ca2+ induces a slight decrease in IMP-frequency and the emergence of small IMP-devoid patches on P-faces. On parasite infection, the erythrocyte membrane becomes modified as indicated by an enhanced temperature-response and the appearance of caveolae, ca. 70-90 nm in diameter. The frequency of these caveolae is increased in schizont-infected erythrocytes. Moreover, electron dense plaques, ca. 40 nm in width, appear just beneath the erythrocyte membrane in late trophozoites and schizonts, thus indicating a further modification of the host cell membrane during parasite development. The membrane of the parasitophorous vacuole, derived from the host plasma membrane, dramatically reduces the IMP-frequency especially on the P-face upon parasite infection. This leads to an apparent reversal of the IMP-distribution persisting throughout the whole infection c...Continue Reading


Nov 1, 1979·The Journal of Experimental Medicine·S G Langreth, R T Reese
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Related Concepts

Plasma Membrane
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