Intraocular pressure reduction in a pigmentary glaucoma model by Goniotome Ab interno trabeculectomy

PloS One
Chao WangNils A Loewen

Abstract

To investigate whether microsurgical excision of trabecular meshwork (TM) in an ex vivo pigmentary glaucoma model can normalize the hypertensive phenotype. Eight eyes of a porcine pigmentary glaucoma model underwent 90° of microsurgical TM excision with an aspirating dual-blade (Goniotome (G)). 24 hours later, additional 90° of TM were removed. Anterior segments with sham surgeries served as the control (C). Outflow facility and intraocular pressure (IOP) were analyzed. Histology with hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) was obtained. After the first 90° TM excision, IOP was significantly lower in G (10.2±2.4 mmHg, n = 7) than C (20.0±2.0mmHg, n = 8, P<0.01). Outflow facility in G (0.38±0.07 μl/min/mmHg) was higher than C (0.16±0.02 μl/min/mmHg, P<0.01). After the second 90° TM excision, IOP in G (6.46±0.81 mmHg, n = 7) was significantly lower than C (20.3±1.7 mmHg, n = 8, P<0.001), while the outflow facility in G (0.50±0.05 μl/min/mmHg, n = 7) was higher than C (0.16±0.01 μl/min/mmHg, n = 8, P<0.001). Compared to the first excision, excision of an additional 90° did not change of IOP (P = 0.20) or outflow facility (P = 0.17) further. Excision of 90° of TM in a pigmentary glaucoma model using an aspirating dual-blade decreased IOP and i...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Metazoa
Glaucoma, Open-Angle
Physiologic Intraocular Pressure
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