PMID: 8321427May 1, 1993

Intravenous administration of L-kynurenine to rhesus monkeys: effect on quinolinate and kynurenate levels in serum and cerebrospinal fluid

D JauchR Schwarcz


L-Kynurenine was administered intravenously at doses of 25, 75 and 200 mg/kg to 4 rhesus monkeys to examine the acute metabolism of kynurenine to its neuroactive products quinolinate (QUIN) and kynurenate (KYNA). Eleven serum and 6 cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples, the latter obtained through indwelling cisternal catheters, were collected periodically for 4 hr after the kynurenine infusion. In both serum and CSF, basal concentration of QUIN exceeded KYNA concentrations several-fold (2715 +/- 356 vs 122 +/- 16 nM in serum and 84 +/- 34 vs 6 +/- 1 nM in CSF). Following kynurenine infusion, QUIN and KYNA levels were elevated in both serum and CSF in proportion to the dose of the bioprecursor. Serum QUIN concentrations increased slowly, reaching a steady-state level of 29 microM 90 min after 200 mg/kg kynurenine. Serum KYNA levels rose more rapidly, peaking within 10 min and gradually declining thereafter (2.8 microM after 4 hr using 200 mg/kg kynurenine). In CSF, both QUIN and KYNA increased steadily, attaining plateau levels of 2.8 and 0.3 microM, respectively, 4 hr after a kynurenine dose of 200 mg/kg. Under all experimental conditions, CSF KYNA levels were substantially lower than CSF QUIN levels. These data show that in non-h...Continue Reading


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