Jan 1, 1987

Intraventricular morphine administration for control of chronic cancer pain

Pain
E A ObbensF Otis

Abstract

Twenty cancer patients with severe chronic pain have been treated with intraventricular morphine sulfate. Adequate pain relief until death was achieved in 10 patients; 1 patient has been treated for 9 months and is still being treated. In 2 patients, the effects of the morphine sulfate on their unilateral pelvic pain wore off after 4 and 6 months because of tumor progression. At that time, they underwent chordotomy procedures elsewhere. The treatment was discontinued in 4 patients for reasons other than inadequate pain relief, such as medical complications or resolution of pain. In 3 patients, the procedure was abandoned when emotional and psychological factors interfered with pain control. Dose requirements of intraventricular morphine sulfate varied greatly, depending on the total daily dose of systemic narcotic intake at the onset of the study. Intraventricular morphine sulfate is a feasible and reliable method to achieve pain relief in selected cancer patients with severe chronic pain when the maximum tolerated dose of systemic narcotic analgesics has become insufficient to control their pain.

  • References13
  • Citations16

References

  • References13
  • Citations16

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Neoplasms
Chronic Pain
Morphine Sulfate (2: 1), Pentahydrate
Malignant Neoplasms
Injections, Intraventricular

About this Paper

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.