Nov 5, 1989

Intrinsic properties of reverse transcriptase in reverse transcription. Associated RNase H is essentially regarded as an endonuclease

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
F OyamaT Uchida


The intrinsic properties of reverse transcriptase in reverse transcription were studied using a synthetic, partial ovalbumin mRNA with a synthetic DNA oligonucleotide annealed to the 3'-end of the RNA as a model substrate. With or without concomitant cDNA synthesis, the RNase H activity of avian myeloblastosis virus (AMV)-reverse transcriptase cleaved the substrate at a site which would leave a hybrid of between 7 and 14 base pairs between the 3' termini of the RNA and DNA oligonucleotide. Variability in the exact size of the hybrid probably reflects some weak base preference for cleavage by the enzyme. These short hybrids can be recognized as substrates by Escherichia coli RNase H and can be utilized by reverse transcriptase as sites for continuation of cDNA synthesis. Substrates with 5'-triphosphorylated termini, 3'-OH, 3'-phosphate, 3'-end hairpin structures and 20 base pair hybrids on the middle region of long RNA more than 300 bases or on circular RNA were all cleaved by AMV-reverse transcriptase-associated RNase H, indicating that the RNase H activity is essentially regarded as an endonuclease degrading RNA moiety in RNA-DNA hybrid. The modes of action of reverse transcriptase from murine leukemia virus and Rous-associate...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Alkalescens-Dispar Group
RNA, circular
Transcription, Genetic
Rous-Associated Virus
Avian myeloblastosis virus
Sarcoma, Avian
Substrate Specificity

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