Jun 1, 1976

Intrinsic resistance to methotrexate of cultured mammalian cells in relation to the inhibition kinetics of their dihydrololate reductases

Cancer Research
R C JacksonK R Harrap


Four cultured mammalian cell lines, differing in intrinsic resistance to methotrexate over a 70-fold range, have been compared with respect to several biochemical factors that might influence response to the drug. Cellular activity of the enzymes dihydrofolate reductase and thymidylate synthetase and the total levels of folate cofactors did not vary by more than a factor of 2 among the cell lines. All the cell types were able to transport extracellular methotrexate efficiently across the cell membrane, and at comparable rates. A kinetic study of highly purified dihydrofolate reductases from the four sources revealed small differences in the Km values for dihydrofolate and reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate. A study was made of the inhibition of the four dihydrofolate reductases by methotrexate, and Ki values were obtained by fitting the Zone B equation of Goldstein (Goldstein, A., J. Gen. Physiol., 27: 529-580, 1944) to the resulting data. Values Ki determined by this method correlated with intrinsic resistance of the cell lines and showed a 25-fold range from the most sensitive to the most resistant line. It is concluded that the response of a cell to methotrexate is significantly influenced by the dissociatio...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Thymidylate Synthase
Tetrahydrofolate Dehydrogenase
Drug Resistance
Methotrexate, (DL)-Isomer
Folic Acid, Sodium Salt
Plasma Membrane
Folic Acid Antagonists

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