Invasive prenatal diagnosis of α-thalassemia to control Hb Bart's hydrops fetalis syndrome: 15 years of experience

Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Ketong LaiP Chen

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to report experiences with invasive prenatal diagnosis of α-thalassemia for the prevention of Hb Bart's hydrops fetalis syndrome in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China. Pregnant women and their partners who tested positive for α0-thalassemia or were diagnosed with HbH diseases were counseled and suggested to undergo a prenatal diagnostic procedure for α-thalassemia. Fetal material was obtained by chorionic villus sampling (CVS) between 9 and 13 weeks of gestation, by amniocentesis between 16 and 24 weeks of gestation and by cordocentesis after 24 weeks of gestation. The α0-thalassemia gene types were detected by gap polymerase chain reaction (Gap-PCR). All results were finally confirmed by DNA analysis after delivery or termination of pregnancy. An invasive prenatal α-thalassemia diagnosis was performed in 3155 cases at risk for Hb Bart's hydrops fetalis syndrome at our hospital from 2002 to 2016. CVS was performed in 1559 cases (49.4%), amniocentesis in 1240 cases (39.3%) and cordocentesis in 356 cases (11.3%). In total, 786 fetuses were diagnosed as Hb Bart's hydrops fetalis syndrome. Among these cases, the α-thalassemia genotype was --SEA/--SEA in 784 cases and --SEA/--THAI in 2 cases...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Amniocentesis
Chorionic Villi Sampling
Counseling
Fetus
Genes
Genetic Counseling
Hospitals
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Pregnant Women
Prenatal Diagnosis

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