Apr 9, 2020

Investigating Feedforward Neural Networks for Classification of Transposon-Derived piRNAs

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
A. H. Da CostaR. A. C. Santos


PIWI-Interacting RNAs (piRNAs) form an important class of non-coding RNAs that play a key role in the genome integrity through the silencing of transposable elements. However, despite their importance and the large application of deep learning in computational biology for classification tasks, there are few studies of deep learning and neural networks for piRNAs prediction. Therefore, this paper presents an investigation on deep feedforward networks models for classification of transposon-derived piRNAs. We analyze and compare the results of the neural networks in different hyperparameters choices, such as number of layers, activation functions and optimizers, clarifying the advantages and disadvantages of each configuration. From this analysis, we propose a model for human piRNAs classification and compare our method with the state-of-the-art deep neural network for piRNA prediction in the literature and also traditional machine learning algorithms, such as Support Vector Machines and Random Forests, showing that our model has achieved a great performance with an F-measure value of $0.872$, outperforming the state-of-the-art method in the literature.

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