Investigating the life-cycle and growth rate of Pediastrum boryanum and the implications for wastewater treatment high rate algal ponds

Water Research
Jason B K ParkA Shilton

Abstract

The colonial alga Pediastrum boryanum has beneficial characteristics for wastewater treatment High Rate Algal Ponds (HRAP) including high biomass productivity and settleability. Our previous work has shown that these characteristics are enhanced when a portion of gravity harvested algae is recycled back to the pond. To help understand the mechanisms behind the improved performance of P. boryanum dominated HRAP with algal recycling, this study investigated the life-cycle of P. boryanum. Experiments determined the exact timing and growth rate of P. boryanum life-cycle stages ('juvenile', 'growth' and 'reproductive') under four combinations of light and temperature (250 or 120 μMol/m(2)/s; 20 or 10 °C). Single juvenile 16-celled colonies were grown in microcosms on an inverted microscope and photographed every 15 min until reproduction ceased. Two asexual life-cycles and a rarely occurring sexual life-cycle were observed. The time required to achieve asexual reproductive maturity increased from 52 h (high light and temperature) to 307 h (low light and temperature), indicating that the minimum hydraulic retention time or mean cell residence time (MCRT) must be higher than these values to sustain a P. boryanum HRAP culture under amb...Continue Reading

References

Oct 1, 1960·Journal of Ultrastructure Research·J G MONER, G B CHAPMAN
Dec 2, 2006·Biotechnology Progress·Ana P CarvalhoF Xavier Malcata
Apr 1, 2008·Current Opinion in Biotechnology·Xin-Guang ZhuDonald R Ort
Feb 13, 2010·Water Science and Technology : a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research·J B K Park, R J Craggs
Aug 3, 2010·Bioresource Technology·J B K ParkA N Shilton
Aug 27, 2011·Water Science and Technology : a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research·J B K Park, R J Craggs
Jun 1, 1967·Journal of Phycology·J S Davis

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Citations

Nov 7, 2016·Bioresource Technology·Abbas MehrabadiMohammed M Farid
May 18, 2017·Scientific Reports·Dae-Hyun ChoRishiram Ramanan

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