Investigation of a primary requirement of organ preservation solutions: supplemental buffering agents improve hepatic energy production during cold storage

T A Churchill, N M Kneteman


This study was designed to investigate the effects of a modified University of Wisconsin (UW) solution supplemented with one of four buffering agents (histidine, bicine [N,N-bis(2-hydroxyethyl)glycine], tricine [N-tris(hydroxymethyl)methylglycine], and Tris) on liver metabolism during cold ischemic storage. Rat livers were flushed and stored for a maximum period of 24 hr at 4 degrees C, and tissue energetics, substrate, and anaerobic end-products were assessed; the group exhibiting the best results during storage was recovered in a 60-min period of warm reperfusion. Relative buffering capacities of the experimental solutions (measured over physiological pH range, in mM H+/L) were: UW, 4.1; histidine+UW, 9.8; Tris+UW, 19.0; bicine+UW, 22.5; tricine+UW, 26.8. In the UW group, ATP levels dropped rapidly over the first 4 hr; 1.0 micromol/g (40% of initial) remained after 4 hr of storage. By 2 hr, ATP levels in bicine- and tricine-treated groups were 0.5 and 1.1 micromol/g greater than in the UW-stored livers and by 10 hr, ATP in bicine-treated livers was twofold that of the control (UW) group. Total adenylate levels also reflected a superior elevation of cellular energetics; even after 24 hr, quantities were 1.4 and 2.0 micromol/g ...Continue Reading


Apr 1, 1988·Transplantation·F O Belzer, J H Southard
Jan 1, 1972·Methods in Enzymology·N E Good, S Izawa
Jun 20, 1995·Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics·T A ChurchillB J Fuller
Jan 1, 1994·Journal of Comparative Physiology. B, Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental Physiology·T A ChurchillB J Fuller
Apr 15, 1996·Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics·N ErcanF Q Nuttall


Mar 29, 2000·Journal of Hepatology·T A ChurchillN M Kneteman
Jul 5, 2002·American Journal of Transplantation : Official Journal of the American Society of Transplantation and the American Society of Transplant Surgeons·Yasuhiro FujimotoT A Churchill
May 12, 2001·Liver Transplantation : Official Publication of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases and the International Liver Transplantation Society·M Kukan, P S Haddad
Oct 25, 2000·American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology·R P PulisT A Churchill

Related Concepts

N, N-bis(2-hydroxyethyl)glycine, sodium salt
Adenine Nucleotides
Cold Temperature

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Congenital Hyperinsulinism

Congenital hyperinsulinism is caused by genetic mutations resulting in excess insulin secretion from beta cells of the pancreas. Here is the latest research.

Neural Activity: Imaging

Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Epigenetic Memory

Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.

Cell Atlas of the Human Eye

Constructing a cell atlas of the human eye will require transcriptomic and histologic analysis over the lifespan. This understanding will aid in the study of development and disease. Find the latest research pertaining to the Cell Atlas of the Human Eye here.

Femoral Neoplasms

Femoral Neoplasms are bone tumors that arise in the femur. Discover the latest research on femoral neoplasms here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.