Dec 15, 2007

Investigation of miRNA biology by bioinformatic tools and impact of miRNAs in colorectal cancer--regulatory relationship of c-Myc and p53 with miRNAs

Cancer Informatics
Yaguang XiJingfang Ju

Abstract

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small non-coding RNAs that mediate gene expression at the posttranscriptional and translational levels and have been demonstrated to be involved in diverse biological functions. Mounting evidence in recent years has shown that miRNAs play key roles in tumorigenesis due to abnormal expression of and mutations in miRNAs. High throughput miRNA expression profiling of several major tumor types has identified miRNAs associated with clinical diagnosis and prognosis of cancer treatment. Previously our group has discovered a novel regulatory relationship between tumor suppressor gene p53 with miRNAs expression and a number of miRNA promoters contain putative p53 binding sites. In addition, others have reported that c-myc can mediate a large number of miRNAs expression. In this review, we will emphasize algorithms to identify mRNA targets of miRNAs and the roles of miRNAs in colorectal cancer. In particular, we will discuss a novel regulatory relationship of miRNAs with tumor suppressor p53 and c-myc. miRNAs are becoming promising novel targets and biomarkers for future cancer therapeutic development and clinical molecular diagnosis.

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Mentioned in this Paper

TP53 gene
Tumor Suppressor Genes
Molecular Diagnosis
Promoter
Bio-Informatics
Molecular Profiling
Colorectal Neoplasms
Gene Expression
Protein p53
c-myc Genes

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