PMID: 4363379May 1, 1974

Investigation of the accompaniment of calcium during active calcium transport from human erythrocyte ghosts

The Journal of General Physiology
E J Olson, R J Cazort

Abstract

To determine whether a cell metabolite was involved in active calcium transport, the cell contents of human erythrocytes were subjected to high dilutions and the resultant ghosts were checked for their ability to actively transport calcium. It was found that the diluted erythrocyte ghosts did retain their capacity to actively transport calcium and that the characteristics of this transport process appeared to be unaltered by the high dilutions. Calcium analysis of the cell membrane and cell supernatant indicated that almost all of the calcium was lost from the cell solution rather than the cell membrane as active calcium transport proceeded. Therefore it appeared that calcium was able to cross the cell membrane without the aid of a cell metabolite. Investigations with layered erythrocytes indicated that the active transport of calcium was not assisted by centrifugation. Neither inorganic phosphate, pyrophosphate, nor an adenine nucleotide appeared to accompany calcium across the membrane as indicated by total phosphate and inorganic phosphate analysis and 260-nm readings of the deproteinized supernatant.

Citations

Jul 13, 1966·Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta·P Wins, E Schoffeniels
Jun 1, 1971·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·D H MacLennan, P T Wong
Apr 1, 1972·The Journal of General Physiology·M L Weiner, K S Lee
Mar 1, 1969·The Journal of General Physiology·E J Olson, R J Cazort
Dec 1, 1969·The Journal of General Physiology·K S Lee, B C Shin
Feb 1, 1971·The Journal of General Physiology·Y N ChaK S Lee
Jun 15, 1966·Experientia·H J Schatzmann
Jun 1, 1963·Biochemical Pharmacology·W RUMMELJ BALDAUF

Related Concepts

Calcium [EPC]
Anatomical Layer
Calcium
Cell Metabolite
Molecular Transport
Phosphate Measurement
Centrifugation
Calcium Ion Transport
Supernatant
Pyrophosphate

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Synapse Loss as Therapeutic Target in MS

As we age, the number of synapses present in the human brain starts to decline, but in neurodegenerative diseases this occurs at an accelerated rate. In MS, it has been shown that there is a reduction in synaptic density, which presents a potential target for treatment. Here is the latest research on synapse loss as a therapeutic target in MS.

Artificial Intelligence in Cardiac Imaging

Artificial intelligence (ai) techniques are increasingly applied to cardiovascular (cv) medicine in cardiac imaging analysis. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Social Learning

Social learning involves learning new behaviors through observation, imitation and modeling. Follow this feed to stay up to date on the latest research.

Cell Atlas of the Human Eye

Constructing a cell atlas of the human eye will require transcriptomic and histologic analysis over the lifespan. This understanding will aid in the study of development and disease. Find the latest research pertaining to the Cell Atlas of the Human Eye here.

Single Cell Chromatin Profiling

Techniques like ATAC-seq and CUT&Tag have the potential to allow single cell profiling of chromatin accessibility, histones, and TFs. This will provide novel insight into cellular heterogeneity and cell states. Discover the latest research on single cell chromatin profiling here.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells.