Investigation of the effects of YM-31636, a novel 5-HT3 receptor agonist, on defecation in normal and constipated ferrets

European Journal of Pharmacology
H ItoT Yamaguchi


We examined the effects of YM-31636 (2-(1H-imidazol-4-ylmethyl)-8H-indeno[1,2-d]thiazole monofumarate), a newly synthesized 5-HT(3) receptor agonist, on defecation in normal and constipated ferrets, and evaluated it as an agent against constipation. YM-31636 facilitated defecation without inducing diarrhea or emetic episodes. This effect occurred within 1 h after oral administration, mostly within 30 min, whereas sodium picosulfate, a widely used laxative, tended to increase the frequency of defecation for several hours with much lower peak incidence than that of YM-31636, and induced diarrhea. UK14304 (brimonidine), an alpha2 receptor agonist, and morphine reduced the frequency of defecation and YM-31636 restored it. These effects of YM-31636 were antagonized by ramosetron, a 5-HT(3) receptor antagonist. These results suggest that YM-31636 could be promising in the treatment of constipation. Because of an early and reliable onset of action compared with sodium picosulfate, YM-31636 could make it easier to control the time of defecation.


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