Involvement of catecholamines in Haemophilus influenzae induced decrease of beta-adrenoceptor function
Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
A J SchreursF P Nijkamp
The deeper airways of patients with asthmatic bronchitis are often infected with Haemophilus influenzae. Vaccination of guinea pigs with H. influenzae resulted in a significant impairment of the isoproterenol induced relaxation of isolated tracheal spirals by approximately 50% 4 days following vaccination. In the present study we further investigated the effects of some drugs affecting catecholamine release on the H. influenzae induced functional desensitization of tracheal spirals. Benserazide, an inhibitor of dopa-decarboxylase, completely prevented the reduction in isoproterenol-induced relaxation after H. influenzae vaccination, while no effect on relaxation of tracheal spirals from control animals was detected. On the other hand, inhibiting the re-uptake of catecholamines with desipramine did not influence the relaxation in the H. influenzae vaccinated tracheal spirals. Treatment of control animals with desipramine however resulted in a decreased relaxation of the isolated spirals by 40%. One day following vaccination with H. influenzae the level of norepinephrine in lung tissue was significantly elevated by 71%, and in plasma by 77%, while after 4 days no significant effects were observed. The spontaneous release of norep...Continue Reading
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