PMID: 9378250Sep 1, 1997Paper

Involvement of functional antagonism in the effects of adenosine antagonists and L-NAME in the rat isolated heart

General Pharmacology
C D Lewis, S M Hourani


1. Adenosine and its analogues induced an increase in flow rate when infused into the rat isolated perfused heart. The agonist potency order obtained was 2-(rho-(2-carboxyethyl)phenethyl-amino)-5'-N-ethylcarboxamidoadenosine (CGS 21680) > or = 5'-N-ethylcarboxamidoadenosine (NECA) > N6-cyclopentyladenosine = adenosine, although the maximal response obtained for CGS 21680 was only 70% of that achieved by NECA. NG-Nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), the nonselective adenosine antagonist 8-rho-(sulfophenyl)theophylline (8-SPT) and the A2a selective antagonist N-[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl]-N-methyl-4-(2,3,6,7-tetrahydro-2,6-dioxo-1,3- diprophyl-1H-purin-8-yl)benzene sulfonamide (PD 115, 119) reduced responses to the adenosine agonists, but some of this reduction was shown to be due to a nonspecific decrease in flow rate as well as a specific inhibitory action. 2. When this functional antagonism is taken into account, the results suggest that the increase in flow rate induced by the adenosine agonists was mediated by A2 receptors, with the increase in flow rate induced by CGS 21680 mediated by A2a receptors, whereas that induced by NECA was mediated by A2b receptors. 3. L-NAME did not appear to have any effect on the increase in fl...Continue Reading


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