Apr 2, 2004

Involvement of matrix metalloproteinases in the onset of dentin mineralization

European Journal of Oral Sciences
Stéphanie FanchonM Goldberg


In order to study the involvement of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) on dentin formation and mineralization, day 18 embryonic mouse tooth germs were cultured for 10 d in the presence or absence of Marimastat, a general MMP inhibitor, or CT(1166), a more selective inhibitor of gelatinases (MMP-2 and MMP-9) and stromelysin-1 (MMP-3). With Marimastat a dose-dependent increase in thickness of the predentin layer and a decreased mineralization of dentin were observed. At the highest concentration of the inhibitor used, enamel formation had ceased. With CT(1166), these effects were already apparent at the lowest concentration used. Western blot analyses demonstrated that the two inhibitors inhibited the expression of enamelysin (MMP-20). These observations indicate that MMPs (possibly MMP-2, -3, -9 and/or -20) play a role in the onset of dentin mineralization. The lack of enamel formation was possibly due to diffusion of amelogenin from its normal site of apposition. The protein clearly was not retained at the surface of the non-mineralized dentin layer, and immunopositive amelogenin accumulated in the odontoblast compartment. The diffusion of enamel proteins and the accumulation revealed by immunolabeling of two small leucine-rich ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Transforming Growth Factor beta
Dental Enamel Proteins
Western Blotting
Hydroxamic Acids
Matrix Metalloproteinase 2
Dentin Formation

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