PMID: 40373Oct 1, 1979

Iodoamino acid synthesis in thyroid lobes in vitro with excellent yield of iodothyronines

Acta Endocrinologica
K OkamuraM Yoshinari


Thyroid lobes of male Sprague-Dawley rats on an iodine-sufficient diet were incubated in our improved in vitro system with 0.01 microM 127I and 5mU/ml of bovine TSH. Thyroidal 131I-uptake and the relative incorporation of iodine into iodothyronines increased with time. The average yield of each iodoamino acid after 8 h of incubation was: monoiodotyrosine 28.0%, diiodotyrosine 46.5%, triiodothyronine 1.9% and thyroxine 13.9%, which showed a striking resemblance to the values obtained in vivo. The yields of iodotyrosines and iodothyronines, the latter in particular, were strikingly high, and this system is considered to be useful in the study of thyroidal iodine metabolism. Effects of TSH, temperature and pH of the medium were examined and a unique effect of pH was observed on the iodoamino acid synthesis. As the pH was elevated from 6.8 to 7.9, 131I-uptake, MIT/DIT ratio, T4/DIT ratio and T3/T4 ratio increased. The effect of slightly alkaline pH was considered to be similar to that observed in iodine-deficiency. It was found that the rubber stoppers which are commonly used in short-term incubation contain a kind of potent inhibitor of thyroid hormone synthesis. The pattern of inhibition was similar to that of thionamide compounds.


Oct 2, 2007·Life Sciences·Elaine de OliveiraP C Lisbôa

Related Concepts

Metabolic Process, Cellular
Iodine Deficiency Syndrome
Iodine, Homeopathic preparation
Bos taurus
Thyroxine Measurement
Thyroid Diseases
Rats, Sprague-Dawley

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Synapse Loss as Therapeutic Target in MS

As we age, the number of synapses present in the human brain starts to decline, but in neurodegenerative diseases this occurs at an accelerated rate. In MS, it has been shown that there is a reduction in synaptic density, which presents a potential target for treatment. Here is the latest research on synapse loss as a therapeutic target in MS.

Artificial Intelligence in Cardiac Imaging

Artificial intelligence (ai) techniques are increasingly applied to cardiovascular (cv) medicine in cardiac imaging analysis. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Social Learning

Social learning involves learning new behaviors through observation, imitation and modeling. Follow this feed to stay up to date on the latest research.

Cell Atlas of the Human Eye

Constructing a cell atlas of the human eye will require transcriptomic and histologic analysis over the lifespan. This understanding will aid in the study of development and disease. Find the latest research pertaining to the Cell Atlas of the Human Eye here.

Single Cell Chromatin Profiling

Techniques like ATAC-seq and CUT&Tag have the potential to allow single cell profiling of chromatin accessibility, histones, and TFs. This will provide novel insight into cellular heterogeneity and cell states. Discover the latest research on single cell chromatin profiling here.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells.