PMID: 671526Jul 5, 1978Paper

Ion transport across the isolated intestinal mucosa of the winter flounder, Pseudopleuronectes americanus. I. Functional and structural properties of cellular and paracellular pathways for Na and Cl

The Journal of Membrane Biology
M FieldW B Kinter

Abstract

The isolated intestinal mucosa of the flounder, Pseudopleuronectes americanus, when bathed in a 20 mM HCO3-Ringer's solution bubbled with 1% CO2 in O2, generated a serosa-negative PD and, when short-circuited, absorbed Cl at almost 3 times the rate of Na. Reducing HCO3 to 5 mM decreased the net Cl flux by more than 60%. The following results suggest that, despite the PD, Na and Cl transport processes are nonelectrically coupled: replacing all Na with choline abolished both the PD and net Cl flux; replacing all Cl with SO4 and mannitol abolished the PD and the net Na flux; and adding ouabain (to 0.5 mM) abolished the PD and the net Cl flux. Nearly all of the unidirectional serosa-to-mucosa Cl flux (JClsm) seemed to be paracellular since it varied with PD and Cl concentration in a manner consistent with simple diffusion. JClsm was only about one-fourth of JNasm, suggesting that the paracellular pathway is highly cation-selective. The data can be explained by the following model: (i) Na and Cl uptake across the brush border are coupled 1 : 1; Na is pumped into the lateral space and Cl follows passively, elevating the salt concentration there; (ii) the tight junction is permeable to Na but relatively impermeable to Cl; and (iii) re...Continue Reading

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