Jan 1, 1976

Ionic mechanism of 5-hydroxytryptamine induced hyperpolarization and inhibitory junctional potential in body wall muscle cells of Hirudo medicinalis

Journal of Neurobiology
M Sawada, R E Coggeshall


Five-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) causes a hyperpolarization and increased conductance of the leech body wall muscle cell membrane. If 5-HT is applied in the absence of the Cl minus ion, the response appears as a depolarization, whereas if 5-HT is applied in the absence of the K+ ion, the response is a hyperpolarization. In both cases, the conductance of the muscle cell membrane is increased. Stimulation of the peripheral nerve to the body wall muscle produces a complex junctional potential in muscle cells. Exposing the muscle to d-tubocurarine (d-TC) eliminates the excitatory component (EJP) of the complex potential. The inhibitory potential (IJP) that remains has an equilibrium potential at approximately 65 mV. Furthermore, this IJP appears as a depolarization when the nerve is stimulated in the presence of d-TC and low CL minus, whereas this is not the case if the nerve is stimulated in the presence of d-TC and low K+. The drugs BOL-148 and cyproheptadine block the IJP's in the body wall muscle. These data are interpreted as indicating that 5-HT acts on leech body wall muscle cells by increasing the conductance to the Cl minus ion and that the IJP's caused by nerve stimulation are probably the result of 5-HT release at nerve ter...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Chloride Ion Level
Muscle Cells
Resting Potentials
Hirudo medicinalis
Hirudo medicinalis preparation
Nerve Endings

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