Oct 1, 1983

Ionic movements through light-sensitive channels of toad rods

The Journal of Physiology
M CapovillaV Torre


Electrical photoresponses of rods in the isolated toad retina were recorded during ionic manipulations of the Na+-free extracellular medium. In the presence of a concentration of external Ca2+ above 10(-5) M, voltage photoresponses were observed only in the presence of external Na+ or Li+. When external Ca2+ was reduced below 10(-6) M, voltage photoresponses of normal polarity could be detected even in the absence of Na+ or Li+, but in the presence of external Mg2+. In the presence of normal extracellular Ca2+ hyperpolarizing photoresponses were observed even in the absence of Na+ or Li+, provided small amounts of phosphodiesterase inhibitors (IBMX, RO 20-1724, papaverine, caffeine, theophylline) were added to the perfusate. Responses obtained in low-Na+ IBMX solutions required the presence of millimolar amounts of a variety of divalent cations, among which Mn2+ and Ba2+ were the most effective. When the concentration of both external Ca2+ and Mg2+ was reduced to micromolar amounts, depolarizing photoresponses were observed. In these conditions measurements with radioactive tracers showed a light-modulated efflux of 42K+ or 86Rb+. The light-modulated 42K+ or 86Rb+ efflux was halved by 2 X 6 mM-external K+ and was completely blo...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Phosphodiesterase Inhibitors
Cone Photoresponse Recovery
Resting Potentials
Calcium ion
Drug Efflux

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