May 1, 1978

Ionization and reactivities of the thiol groups which participate in the formation of interchain disulfide bonds of Bence Jones proteins and an Fab(t) fragment

Journal of Biochemistry
Y TanakaK Hamaguchi

Abstract

The pK values and reactivities of the thiol groups which participate in the formation of interchain disulfide bonds in Bence Jones proteins and the Fab(t) fragment of a myeloma protein (Jo) (IgGl, kappa) were determined by means of the reactions with chloroacetamide and DTNB, and of spectrophotometric titration. The two thiol groups of partially reduced type kappa Bence Jones protein dimers had the same pK values (pK = 9.76 at 0.2 ionic strength and 25 degrees C) and the same true second-order rate constants (k) toward chloroacetamide (k = 18.8 x 10(-2) M-1 . S-1). The two thiol groups of partially reduced type lambda Bence Jones protein dimers had different pK values but the variation of the pK values among the specimens was small (pK1 = 8.5-8.6 and pK2 = 9.5-9.7 at 0.2 ionic strength and 25 degrees C). The spectrophotometric titration of partially reduced Nag protein (type lambda) also showed that the two thiol groups have different pK values. The pK values of two thiol groups of the partially reduced Fab(t) fragment were determined as 8.51 and 9.76 at 0.2 ionic strength and 25 degrees C. The effect of ionic strength on the pK values of the thiol groups of partially reduced Nag protein and the pK values of the thiol groups in...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Bence Jones Protein
Ovum
Glutathione Disulfide
Acetamides
Dithionitrobenzoic Acid
Sulfhydryl Compounds
Immunoglobulins
Fab Immunoglobulins
AS 8
Dimer

About this Paper

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