PMID: 7390961Mar 1, 1980

Ionization of the catalytic groups and tyrosyl residues in human lysozyme

Journal of Biochemistry
S KuramitsuK Nakashima

Abstract

The pH difference absorption spectra of human lysozyme [EC 3.2.1.17] were measured. The difference spectra in the acidic region had a peak at 300 nm, as observed for hen and turkey lysozymes. The pH dependence curve of the extinction difference at 300 nm was well interpreted in terms of the pK values of the catalytic groups (3.4 for Asp 52 and 6.8 for Glu 35 at 0.1 ionic strength and 25 degrees C) determined from the pH dependence of the circular dichroism at 303.5 nm (Kuramitsu et al. (1974) J. Biochem. 76, 671--683) and the fluorescence excited at 305 nm (Kuramitsu et al. (1978) J. Biochem. 83, 159--170). The difference spectra of human lysozyme in the alkaline pH region were characteristic of tyrosyl ionization. The perturbation of tryptophyl residues, which had been observed for hen and turkey lysozymes (Kuramitsu & Hamaguchi (1979) J. Biochem. 85, 443--456), was not observed for human lysozyme. On the basis of the pH dependence curves of the extinction difference at 245 and and 295 nm, we roughly estimated the apparent pK values of the six tyrosyl residues as 9.2 9.2, 10.5, 10.9, 12.4, and 12.5. A time-dependent spectral change observed above pH 11 was not due to the exposure of buried tyrosyl residues on alkali denaturati...Continue Reading

References

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Related Concepts

Lysozyme Test
LYZ
Cytokinesis of the Fertilized Ovum
Fluorescence Spectroscopy
Lysozyme
Muramidase
Hydrolase
Denaturation
Catalysis
Cytokinesis

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