Ionized calcium in body fluids

Critical Reviews in Clinical Laboratory Sciences
W G Robertson, R W Marshall

Abstract

This article will review the methods currently available to the clinician and research worker for measuring the concentration of ionized calcium in various body fluids including whole blood, serum, plasma, urine, cerebrospinal fluid, milk, and synovial fluid. The methods to be reviewed are based on procedures involving bioluminescence, colorimetry and ion-selective electrodes. Emphasis will be given to the precision and, wherever possible, accuracy of each technique. Possible sources of error and interfering agents will be identified. Attention will be given to the recommended conditions for measuring ionized calcium in each body fluid. An assessment will be made of the theoretical and practical importance of measuring ionized calcium rather than total calcium and of its value in clinical medicine.

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