Jan 1, 1976

Irreversible protein binding of norethisterone (norethindrone) epoxide

H Kappus, H M Bolt


14,15-3H-Norethisterone-4 beta, 5 beta-epoxide, a metabolite of norethisterone, was incubated with several proteins and nucleic acids. After 30 min incubation 0.19 nmol of the epoxide were irreversibly bound per mg albumin which contains free sulfhydryl groups; proteins without SH-groups, such as concanavalin A, gamma-globulin, DNA and RNA, did not irreversibly bind norethisterone epoxide. A superoxide (O2) generating enzyme system comprised of xanthine oxidase and hypoxanthine was capable of catalyzing the irreversible binding of the parent compound, norethisterone, to albumin, indicating that an oxidation product was formed which reacted with the protein. When norethisterone epoxide was incubated for 60 min with hepatic microsomes of rats in absence of NADPH, about 2.0 nmol of the epoxide were irreversibly incorporated per mg microsomal protein. This binding was increased to 5.2 nmol by addition of a NADPH regenerating system. Addition of glutathione and cytosol decreased only the NADPH-dependent protein binding; phenobarbital pretreatment of rats induced this NADPH-dependent binding of norethisterone epoxide to microsomal protein by a factor of 2. In presence of NADPH, binding of the epoxide to microsomal protein depended on...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Xanthine Oxidase
Plasma Protein Binding Capacity
Microsomes, Liver
Bos indicus
Epoxy Compounds
Serum Albumin, Bovine
Cytoplasmic Matrix

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