PMID: 45041May 1, 1979

Is a slow reacting substance-like compound involved in rat platelet agglutination

Prostaglandins and Medicine
C MeringoloO Barnabei


Endoperoxide analogs at doses 100-fold higher than those required to aggregate human platelet-rich plasma (PRP), were ineffective on rat PRP. Indomethacin (20 microM) and imidazole did not affect arachidonate-induced aggregation of rat PRP. On the other hand, prostaglandin (PG) E1 inhibited aggregation at doses similar to those effective on human PRP, while high doses of PGI2 failed to inhibit arachidonate aggregation in the rat. Eicosatetraynoic acid (10 microgram) blocked the second phase of aggregation; the Ca2+-ionophore A 23187 potentiated the arachidonate effect. Thus, it appears that endoperoxides or thromboxane A2 may not be involved in rat platelet aggregation and that the formation of aggregants from arachidonate shares many properties with the biosynthesis of slow reacting substance, a metabolite of arachidonic acid containing a sulphate group. To test this, rat PRP was incubated with labeled sulphate and aggregated with arachidonate. After column and thin layer chromatography a labeled lipid was identified having a mobility higher than phospholipids but lower than PGF2 alpha. Treatment with arylsulphatase decreased radioactivity by at least 70%.


Oct 15, 1976·FEBS Letters·E FerrettiV Tomasi
Feb 1, 1978·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·E G LapetinaP Cuatrecasas
Jan 1, 1977·Prostaglandins·F F SunJ C McGuire
Apr 1, 1978·Prostaglandins·J E Vincent, F J Zijlstra
Aug 1, 1975·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·M HambergB Samuelsson
Feb 23, 1976·Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta·T K BillsM J Silver
Sep 1, 1974·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·M Hamberg, B Samuelsson

Related Concepts

Pulmonary Fibrosis
Prostaglandin Endoperoxides
Platelet Aggregation
Eicosatetraenoic Acids
Metabolic Biotransformation
Smear Layer
Magnesium ADP

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Sexual Dimorphism in Neurodegeneration

There exist sex differences in neurodevelopmental and neurodegenerative disorders. For instance, multiple sclerosis is more common in women, whereas Parkinson’s disease is more common in men. Here is the latest research on sexual dimorphism in neurodegeneration

HLA Genetic Variation

HLA genetic variation has been found to confer risk for a wide variety of diseases. Identifying these associations and understanding their molecular mechanisms is ongoing and holds promise for the development of therapeutics. Find the latest research on HLA genetic variation here.

Super-resolution Microscopy

Super-resolution microscopy is the term commonly given to fluorescence microscopy techniques with resolutions that are not limited by the diffraction of light. Here are the latest discoveries pertaining to super-resolution microscopy.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells.

Brain Lower Grade Glioma

Low grade gliomas in the brain form from oligodendrocytes and astrocytes and are the slowest-growing glioma in adults. Discover the latest research on these brain tumors here.

CD4/CD8 Signaling

Cluster of differentiation 4 and 8 (CD8 and CD8) are glycoproteins founds on the surface of immune cells. Here is the latest research on their role in cell signaling pathways.

Alignment-free Sequence Analysis Tools

Alignment-free sequence analyses have been applied to problems ranging from whole-genome phylogeny to the classification of protein families, identification of horizontally transferred genes, and detection of recombined sequences. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.