Is cooperation viable in mobile organisms? Simple Walk Away rule favors the evolution of cooperation in groups

Evolution and Human Behavior : Official Journal of the Human Behavior and Evolution Society
C Athena Aktipis


The evolution of cooperation through partner choice mechanisms is often thought to involve relatively complex cognitive abilities. Using agent-based simulations I model a simple partner choice rule, the 'Walk Away' rule, where individuals stay in groups that provide higher returns (by virtue of having more cooperators), and 'Walk Away' from groups providing low returns. Implementing this conditional movement rule in a public goods game leads to a number of interesting findings: 1) cooperators have a selective advantage when thresholds are high, corresponding to low tolerance for defectors, 2) high thresholds lead to high initial rates of movement and low final rates of movement (after selection), and 3) as cooperation is selected, the population undergoes a spatial transition from high migration (and a many small and ephemeral groups) to low migration (and large and stable groups). These results suggest that the very simple 'Walk Away' rule of leaving uncooperative groups can favor the evolution of cooperation, and that cooperation can evolve in populations in which individuals are able to move in response to local social conditions. A diverse array of organisms are able to leave degraded physical or social environments. The ub...Continue Reading


Oct 1, 1976·Science·P C Nowell
Dec 1, 1976·Journal of Theoretical Biology·M Treisman, R Dawkins
Mar 7, 1991·Journal of Theoretical Biology·J J Bull, W R Rice
Jan 1, 1990·Bulletin of Mathematical Biology·S Wright
Aug 1, 1970·Nature·G R Price
Jul 1, 1964·Journal of Theoretical Biology·W D Hamilton
Jul 1, 1964·Journal of Theoretical Biology·W D Hamilton
May 1, 1980·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·A L DeFranco, D E Koshland
Aug 21, 1980·Journal of Theoretical Biology·John M McNamara, Alasdair I Houston
Mar 27, 1981·Science·R Axelrod, W D Hamilton
Jun 4, 1999·Trends in Ecology & Evolution·J Komdeur, B J Hatchwell
Mar 21, 2002·Nature Reviews. Cancer·Adrian L Harris
Apr 6, 2002·Science·Stuart A WestAshleigh S Griffin
May 11, 2002·Science·Christoph HauertKarl Sigmund
Oct 17, 2002·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Leticia Avilés
Jan 7, 2003·Physical Review. E, Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics·György Szabó, Christoph Hauert
Oct 15, 2003·Artificial Life·James A R Marshall, Jonathan E Rowe
May 12, 2004·Journal of Theoretical Biology·Jeffrey A Fletcher, Martin Zwick
Jul 6, 2004·The Quarterly Review of Biology·Joel L SachsJames J Bull
Aug 27, 2004·Nature·David C Queller
Sep 24, 2004·Journal of Theoretical Biology·C Athena Aktipis
Apr 23, 2005·Behavioural Processes·John M C Hutchinson, Gerd Gigerenzer
Sep 30, 2005·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Ian M Hamilton, Michael Taborsky
Jan 3, 2006·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Hannelore BrandtKarl Sigmund
Jan 24, 2006·Theoretical Population Biology·Ross A Hammond, Robert Axelrod
Aug 9, 2006·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Laurent LehmannFrançois Rousset
Aug 17, 2006·Journal of Evolutionary Biology·A Gardner, Stuart A West
Nov 8, 2006·Journal of Theoretical Biology·Jeffrey A Fletcher, Martin Zwick
Nov 17, 2006·Nature Reviews. Cancer·Lauren M F MerloCarlo Maley
Jan 6, 2007·Artificial Life·John W Pepper
Jan 27, 2007·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Pat Barclay, Robb Willer
Aug 21, 2007·Behavioural Processes·Ralph BergmüllerRedouan Bshary
Aug 24, 2007·Current Biology : CB·Stuart A WestA Gardner
Sep 15, 2007·Journal of Theoretical Biology·Omar Tonsi EldakarDavid Sloan Wilson
Dec 12, 2007·Ecology Letters·Sébastien Lion, Minus van Baalen
Jan 26, 2008·The Quarterly Review of Biology·David Sloan Wilson, Edward O Wilson
May 2, 2008·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Omar Tonsi Eldakar, David Sloan Wilson
Aug 12, 2008·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Rufus A Johnstone
Sep 4, 2008·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Jeffrey A Fletcher, M Doebeli
Oct 8, 2008·Journal of Mathematical Biology·A R A AndersonVito Quaranta
Dec 5, 2008·Trends in Genetics : TIG·Kornelia PolyakIan G Campbell
Mar 17, 2009·Journal of Theoretical Biology·P Gerlee, A R A Anderson
May 5, 2009·Trends in Ecology & Evolution·Thomas G Platt, James D Bever
Jun 13, 2009·Journal of Evolutionary Biology·Sébastien Lion, S Gandon
Nov 7, 2009·Science·Omar Tonsi EldakarDavid Sloan Wilson
Dec 17, 2009·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·Martin A NowakTibor Antal
Jul 20, 2010·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Omar Tonsi EldakarJohn W Pepper
Aug 4, 2010·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·Laurent Lehmann, François Rousset
Feb 1, 2009·Evolutionary Applications·John W PepperCarlo Maley


Nov 3, 2011·PloS One·Daniel NettleMaria Cockerill
Feb 6, 2014·Artificial Life·Paul E Smaldino, Mark Lubell
Apr 11, 2012·AIP Advances·Chris ClevelandRobert Austin
Jun 23, 2012·Scientific Reports·Feng FuMartin A Nowak
Apr 14, 2016·Journal of Mathematical Biology·Roman V BelavkinChristopher G Knight
Jul 31, 2012·Journal of Theoretical Biology·Jessica PurcellLeticia Avilés
Apr 9, 2013·The Behavioral and Brain Sciences·Nicolas BaumardDan Sperber
Dec 17, 2014·Nature Communications·Hannah M LewisAndrea Bamberg Migliano
Aug 3, 2016·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Staffan JacobAlexis Chaine
Sep 9, 2017·PLoS Computational Biology·Jaideep JoshiVishwesha Guttal
Mar 9, 2018·Royal Society Open Science·Matthew G ThomasMarius Warg Næss
Oct 25, 2017·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·Athena Aktipis, Carlo Maley
Jan 9, 2020·PLoS Computational Biology·Jaideep JoshiUlf Dieckmann
Sep 10, 2020·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Safi K DardenDarren P Croft
Mar 23, 2017·PloS One·Stéphane DeboveJean-Baptiste André
Nov 25, 2016·Human Ecology: an Interdisciplinary Journal·Matthew G ThomasRuth Mace
Jan 1, 2018·Nature Human Behaviour·Ruth MaceYi Tao
Nov 19, 2019·Proceedings. Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences·Igor V ErovenkoJan Rychtář
Mar 21, 2019·Royal Society Open Science·Hye Jin Park, Chaitanya S Gokhale
Feb 26, 2019·Royal Society Open Science·Josefine Bohr BraskSafi K Darden
Jul 13, 2019·Journal of Evolutionary Biology·Félix GeoffroyJean-Baptiste André
Oct 3, 2020·Annual Review of Psychology·Eric van Dijk, Carsten K W De Dreu

Related Concepts

Spatial Distribution
Ability to Perform Cognitive Activity
Population Group
Migration, Cell

Related Feeds

Cell Migration

Cell migration is involved in a variety of physiological and pathological processes such as embryonic development, cancer metastasis, blood vessel formation and remoulding, tissue regeneration, immune surveillance and inflammation. Here is the latest research.

Cell Migration in Cancer and Metastasis

Migration of cancer cells into surrounding tissue and the vasculature is an initial step in tumor metastasis. Discover the latest research on cell migration in cancer and metastasis here.

Related Papers

Journal of Theoretical Biology
Segismundo S IzquierdoFernando Vega-Redondo
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
David G RandNicholas A Christakis
Proceedings. Biological Sciences
Pat Barclay, Robb Willer
© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved