PMID: 1119401Apr 1, 1975

Ischemic heart failure: sustained inotropic response to small doses of I-epinephrine without toxicity

The American Journal of Cardiology
B HaiderT J Regan


As a prelude to a study of severe ischemic heart failure, the therapeutic response of the ischemic ventricle to epinephrine and acetylstrophanthidin in nontoxic doses was determined in 24 intact anesthetized dogs undergoing a first episode of acute regional ischemia. A thrombotic obstruction was produced in the left ventricular dysfunction. The elevation of end-diastolic pressure and reduced stroke volume in control dogs were not significantly altered by administration of strophanthidin. Epinephrine (0.05 mug/kg per min) elicited a significant reduction in end-diastolic pressure and increase in stroke volume. The latter was not attended by an increased incidence of ventricular fibrillation, whereas fibrillation occurred in half of the group given strophantihidin. Thus, the catecholamine was selected to study pump failure. Severe ischemic heart failure was assessed in two groups with scar from previous infarction for up to 4 hours. By 60 minutes of ischemia the increase in end-diastolic pressure and volume and decrease in stroke volume and ejection fraction were comparable in both groups. Thereafter, alternate animals received small doses of epinephrine (0.05 to 0.15 mug/kg per min) with graded increments at 60 minute intervals ...Continue Reading


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Related Concepts

Ventricular Fibrillation
Catecholamine [EPC]
Diastolic Blood Pressure
Ventricular Dysfunction, Left
Myocardial Infarction
Myocardial Ischemia

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