DOI: 10.1101/166553Jul 21, 2017Paper

ISG15 induces IL-10 production in human monocytes and is a biomarker of disease severity during active tuberculosis

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Paula Fernandes dos SantosDaniel S Mansur

Abstract

Interferon stimulated gene 15 (ISG15) deficiency in humans leads to severe interferonopathies and mycobacterial disease, the latter being previously associated to its extracellular cytokine-like activity. Here, we demonstrate a novel role for secreted ISG15 as an IL-10 inducer, unique to human primary monocytes. Employing ex vivo systems analysis of human transcriptome datasets, we observed a significant correlation of ISG15-induced monocyte IL-10 and lymphocyte IFNγ balanced expression. This effect was associated with p38 MAPK and PI3K signalling in healthy volunteers. The specificity and MAPK/PI3K-dependence of ISG15-induced monocyte IL-10 production was confirmed in vitro using CRISPR/Cas9 knockout and pharmacological inhibitors. Moreover, this ISG15/IL10 axis was amplified in leprosy but disrupted in human active tuberculosis (TB) patients. Importantly, ISG15 strongly correlated with inflammation and disease severity during active TB. In conclusion, this study identifies a novel anti-inflammatory ISG15/IL-10 myeloid axis that is disrupted in active TB, revealing a potential biomarker for disease severity in this major human disease.

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