Islet transplantation improves vascular diabetic complications in patients with diabetes who underwent kidney transplantation: a comparison between kidney-pancreas and kidney-alone transplantation

Transplantation
Paolo FiorinaAntonio Secchi

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of islet transplantation on patient survival and diabetic vascular complications. Thirty-seven type 1 uremic diabetic kidney transplant patients underwent islet transplantation (KI group). Uremic type 1 diabetic kidney-pancreas (KP group, n=162), kidney-alone (KD group, n=42) transplant patients, and uremic type 1 diabetic patients still on hemodialysis (HD+DM group, n=196) constituted the control groups for survival and endothelial morphology. Patient survival was similar in the KI and KP groups and higher than in the HD+DM group (P<0.05). Patients experiencing long-term islet function (KI-successful [KI-s], n=24) showed a better survival (100%, 100%, and 90%) than those in the KI group who lost islet function (KI-unsuccessful [KI-u], n=13) (84%, 75%, and 45%) at 1, 4 and 7 years, respectively (P=0.02). The cardiovascular death rate for the KI group (18%) was similar to the KD group (19%) but lower when the KI-s group is considered alone (5%), and showed a cardiovascular death rate similar to the KP group (8%). The KI-s group showed a good metabolic profile, with reduction of exogenous insulin requirement and persistent C-peptide secretion, as compared with the KI-u group. The ...Continue Reading

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