PMID: 36141Apr 4, 1979

Isoelectric points of spinach thylakoid membrane surfaces as determined by cross partition

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
H E AkerlundP A Albertsson


The isoelectric points of unbroken chloroplast lamellae and various subchloroplast fractions, including a preparation of inside-out thylakoids, have been determined using aqueous two-phase systems containing dextran and charged polyethylene glycol. When the amounts of material in the top phase in a phase system with the positively charged trimethylamino polyethylene glycol are plotted against pH the curve intersects the corresponding curve obtained from phase systems with the negatively charged polyethylene glycol sulfonate. This cross-point can be correlated with the isoelectric point of the material. The cross-point for unbroken chloroplast lamellae was found to be around pH 4.7. Mechanical disintegration lowered the cross-point to around pH 4.4, probably because of exposure of new membrane surfaces. The disintegrated chloroplasts were fractionated by differential centrifugation to separate the grana and stroma lamellae. The stroma lamellae vesicles showed the same isoelectric point as the unbroken lamellae, while a cross-point at pH 4.3 was obtained for the grana-enriched fraction. For thylakoid membranes destacked under low salt conditions the cross-point was 0.3 pH unit lower than for membranes originating exclusively from...Continue Reading


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