Isolated maxillary bending in CL/FR strain mice: observation of craniofacial deformity and inheritance pattern

The Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal : Official Publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association
M NagataA Oguro

Abstract

The CL/Fr mouse, known as a strain with spontaneous cleft lip and/or palate (CL/P), has been used as an animal model to investigate etiology in CL/P. We examined a facial asymmetry mutant discovered in a CL/Fr mouse colony that was not associated with CL/P and was shown to be inheritable in subsequent generations. Facial asymmetry became apparent with postnatal growth, whereas it was not detectable at birth, and was termed "maxillary bending" (MB) based on the characteristic bending of the maxilla. As a result of selective breeding, an 'MB line', In which MB was observed in 21.68% (67/309) in addition to CL/P in 17.80% (55/309) of the offspring, was developed in the CL/Fr colony. In mating experiments between the MB line and C57BL/6J, all F1 progeny showed the normal phenotype. MB was observed in 0.72% (1/139) of the F2 generation, and the backcross generation showed segregation of MB in 6.25% (22/352) and CL/P in 1.42% (5/352). These instances suggested the occurrence of an additional mutation in the CL/Fr mouse genome controlled by an autosomal recessive gene with low penetrance. However, since the CL/Fr mouse primarily has a developmental deficiency in the maxilla, the possibility that CL/P and MB share common etiologic fact...Continue Reading

References

Jan 5, 2002·The Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal : Official Publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association·R R CousleyH Otani
Sep 24, 2004·Journal of Dental Research·Y SasakiY Taya

Citations

Feb 15, 1992·American Journal of Medical Genetics·R R Cousley, D J Wilson
Sep 1, 1991·The Journal of Heredity·D M Juriloff, M J Harris
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Sep 1, 1994·The Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal : Official Publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association·N AminY Takano

Related Concepts

Arsa
Genome
Maxilla
Cleft Palate, Isolated
Properdin Deficiency, X-LINKED
Conditions, Recessive Genetic
Gene Expression
Craniometry
Maxillofacial Development
Sib Mating

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