Aug 9, 1976

Isolation and characterization of a hemagglutinin from Amphitrite ornata, a polychaetous annelid

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
S J Garte, C S Rissell


Extracts of the marine polychaetous annelid, Amphitrite ornata, agglutinate rat, rabbit, chicken and human erythrocytes and in other work have been shown to inhibit the growth of Ehrlich ascites tumors in mice. Fractionation of extracts on Sephadex G-100 gave three active fractions with molecular weights of 30 000, 54 000 and 100 000. The 30 000 dalton fraction (B) was purified 72-fold by ammonium sulfate precipitation, gel filtration and preparative disc gel electrophoresis. The purified hemagglutinin, amphitritin, was homogenous on analytical disc gel electrophoresis at four different pH values and gave a sharp boundary in sedimentation velocity ultracentrifugation. The three fractions showed paralled specificity toward rat and chicken erythrocytes, the former giving the higher titer. The purified agglutinin was active toward human blood groups A, B and O and exhibited 4-fold higher activity toward group A. The hemagglutinin titer against rat red blood cells was lowered only by N-acetylgalactosamine, the terminal sugar residue of the group A determinant. None of the saccharides tested inhibited agglutination of chicken erythrocytes. Hemagglutinin activity was insensitive to dialysis or treatment with EDTA. The activity was no...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Galactose Measurement
Blood Group H Type 1 Antigen
Peptide Hydrolases
Red blood cells, blood product
Proteolytic enzymes for treatment of wounds and ulcers
Sialic Acid Assay

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