Oct 1, 1989

Isolation and characterization of a multipotent clone of human embryonal carcinoma cells

Differentiation; Research in Biological Diversity
M F PeraJ M Parrington


Histopathological studies suggest that the stem cells of human teratomas may be classified into two major categories: nullipotent stem cells, and multipotent stem cells, capable both of self-renewal and differentiation into a wide range of somatic and extraembryonic cell types. We have isolated a multipotent stem cell clone from the human teratoma cell line GCT 27, and compared its properties to a nullipotent clone derived from the same strain. The multipotent clone GCT 27 X-1 gave rise to colonies of mixed cell morphology in vitro. Analysis of cell surface, cytostructural and extracellular matrix markers in GCT 27 X-1 cells showed that the stem cells of this line were very similar in phenotype to nullipotent cells. The two cell clones were predominantly hypotriploid, and contained several marker chromosomes in common. GCT 27 X-1 was feeder-cell-dependent for continuous growth in vitro; removal of the feeder layer resulted in differentiation of the stem cells into a variety of cell types, some with characteristics of extraembryonic endoderm, others showing neuronal properties. When transplanted into nude mice, GCT 27 X-1 cells gave rise to teratocarcinomas containing embryonal carcinoma stem cells, and many other cell types: yo...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Human Chorionic Gonadotropin
Chromosome Markers
Extracellular Matrix
House mice
Tumor Markers
Cancer, Embryonal and Mixed
Embryonal Carcinoma
Growth Substances
Cell Differentiation Process

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