PMID: 6769923Jun 25, 1980

Isolation and characterization of an endo-beta-galactosidase from a new strain of Escherichia freundii.

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
H NakagawaY T Li


A new strain of Escherichia freundii was isolated from human feces. Compared with the previous strain (Kitamikado, M., and Ueno, R. (1970) Bull. Jpn. Soc. Sci. Fish. 36, 1175-1180), this strain releases comparable levels of endo-beta-galactosidase with lower levels of exoglycosidases in the culture medium containing 0.3% of keratan sulfate. Endo-beta-galactosidase was purified by an improved purification procedure involving Amicon H1P10 hollow fiber filtration, QAE-Sephadex A-50, and CM-Sephadex C-50 chromatographies. The purified enzyme is completely free from proteases and exoglycosidases. The general properties of this enzyme are: molecular weight, 28,000; optimal pH, 5.5 TO 5.8; PI, pH 8.0. This enzyme hydrolyzed keratan sulfates isolated from different sources to produce 6-O-sulfo-GlcNAc beta1 leads to 3Gal as the major product. In addition, the specificity of this enzyme toward various glycoconjugates was also studied.

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