Jan 23, 1976

Isolation and characterization of beta-glucosidase from the cytosol of rat kidney cortex

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
R H GlewA R Christopher


A procedure is described for the preparation of extensively purified beta-D-glucosidase (EC from the cytosol fraction of rat kidney. The specific activity of the beta-glucosidase in the high speed supernatant (100 000 X g, 90 min) fraction of rat kidney homogenate is 700-fold greater than that in the same fraction from heart, skeletal muscle, lung, spleen, brain or liver. beta-Glucosidase activity co-chromatographs with beta-D-galactosidase, beta-D-fucosidase, alpha-L-arabinosidase and beta-D-xylosidase activities through the last four column steps of the purification and their specific activities are 0.26, 0.39, 0.028 and 0.017 relative to that of beta-glucosidase, respectively. The specific activity of the apparently homogeneous beta-glucosidase is 115 000 nmol of glucose released from 4-methylumbelliferyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside per mg protein per h. All five glycosidase activities possess similar pH dependency (pH optimum, 6--7) and heat lability, and co-migrate on polyacrylamide disc gels at pH 8.9 (RF, 0.67). beta-Glucosidase acitivity is inhibited competitively by glucono-(1 leads to 5)-lactone (KI, 0.61 mM) and non-competitively by a variety of sulfhydryl reagents including N-ethylmaleimide, p-chloromercuribenz...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Structure-Activity Relationship
Tissue Specificity
Sulfhydryl Compounds
Cell Differentiation Process
Sulfhydryl Reagents
Structure of Cortex of Kidney
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Cytoplasmic Matrix

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