PMID: 2277590Jan 1, 1990

Isolation and characterization of mycoplasma virus L3 temperature-sensitive mutants

Microbios
K HabererJ Maniloff

Abstract

Mycoplasma virus L3 virions are morphologically similar to coliphage T7, contain linear double-stranded DNA of about 39 kilobase pairs, and produce a nonlytic cytocidal infection in Acholeplasma laidlawii host cells. Following nitrous acid mutagenesis, ninety-eight L3 temperature-sensitive (ts) mutants were isolated from a total of 57,000 plaque-forming units (PFU), using 37 degrees C as the permissive temperature and 41 degrees C as the nonpermissive temperature, with reversion frequencies of 10(-5) to 10(-8). Complementation tests allowed fifty-seven of the L3 ts mutants to be placed into twenty-one complementation groups. In mixed infections, recombination frequencies between mutants in different complementation groups were 10(-2) to less than 10(-6). Studies of protein synthesis in L3-infected cells showed synthesis of about twenty virus-specific proteins, including ten L3 virion proteins. After infection with L3 ts mutants from each complementation group, several different patterns of cell- and virus-specific protein synthesis were observed.

Related Concepts

Mycoplasma
Virion
Viral Proteins
DNA, Viral
Coinfection
Bacteriophages
Recombination, Genetic
Dental Plaque
Protein Biosynthesis
Bacteriophage T7

Related Feeds

Bacteriophage: Phage Therapy

Phage therapy uses bacterial viruses (bacteriophages) to treat bacterial infections and is widely being recognized as an alternative to antibiotics. Here is the latest research.