May 1, 1983

Isolation and characterization of nucleases from a clinical isolate of Serratia marcescens kums 3958

Journal of Biochemistry
K YonemuraH Maeda

Abstract

Two new extracellular nucleases, nucleases SM1 and SM2, were purified from the culture fluid of S. marcescens kums 3958, a fresh clinical isolate. The purification was carried out by the following steps; ammonium sulfate precipitation, and DEAE-cellulose and Sephadex G-100 column chromatography. At the final step, nucleases SM1 and SM2 were purified about 3,700- and 1,000-fold, respectively. They were free from phosphomonoesterase and phosphodiesterase activities. The pIs were 8.1 and 7.5 for nucleases SM1 and SM2, respectively. The molecular weight was estimated to be 35,000 for both enzymes by SDS-polyacrylamide disc gel electrophoresis. The results of amino acid analyses showed that both the threonine and serine contents were higher in nuclease SM2 than in SM1. Furthermore, nuclease SM1 was more stable than nuclease SM2 at 4 degrees C. The other properties of the two enzymes were similar; pH optimum (8.0), Mg2+ or Mn2+ for activation, and inhibition by chemical reagents such as EDTA and pyrophosphate. No significant difference was found in base specificity between nucleases SM1 and SM2. Both enzymes specifically degraded double-stranded homopolymers, especially poly(I). poly(C), as well as yeast RNA and calf thymus DNA. They...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Guanosine
Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases
Extracellular
HIV Protease Inhibitors
Enzymes, antithrombotic
Phosphoric diester hydrolase
Serratia marcescens
Isolation Aspects
Yeasts
SM1

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