PMID: 108278Jun 10, 1979

Isolation and characterization of porcine parathyroid cathepsin B.

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
R R MacGregorD V Cohn


Cathepsin B was isolated from porcine parathyroid tissue and from liver by a procedure involving acetone precipitation, gel filtration, and carboxymethylcellulose chromatography. The final preparations of each migrated as single bands upon sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gels but exhibited several minor active variants upon isoelectric focusing. The parathyroid and liver enzymes were similar to each other and also resembled cathepsin B from other sources. The molecular weights for the porcine enzymes were estimated as 25,000, and the isoelectric point was at pH 4.8. The parathyroid enzyme cleaved benzyloxycarbonyl-Val-Lys-Lys-Arg-(4-methoxy)-2-naphthylamide at pH 5.8 and 37 degrees C with a Km of 0.14 mM and a kcat of 68 s-1. The pH optimum for this reaction was pH 6 to 7. The enzyme was unstable above pH 7.5 and below pH 4.5. It was strongly inhibited by HgCl2, ZnSO4, iodoacetate, iodoacetamide, and N-ethylmaleimide which indicated that it is a thiol protease, and by leupeptin, a strong inhibitor of cathepsin B from other sources. Antibodies to the parathyroid enzyme were elicited in rabbits. The antisera formed single precipitin bands upon double diffusion in agar gels against both the parathyroid and liver enzymes. Pre...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Amino Acids
Immunodiffusion Measurement
Parathyroid Gland
Substrate Specificity

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