Nov 1, 1989

Isolation and characterization of two monoclonal antibodies that recognize remote epitopes on the cell-binding domain of human fibronectin

Experimental Cell Research
M KatayamaK Sekiguchi


Two monoclonal anti-fibronectin antibodies that inhibit fibronectin-mediated cell adhesion have been established and characterized. One antibody, FN12-8, inhibited attachment of rat kidney fibroblasts on the fibronectin-coated substrate in a concentration-dependent manner, attaining a maximal inhibition of greater than 85% at 850 micrograms/ml. Another antibody, FN30-8, caused about 70% inhibition at a concentration as low as 0.85 microgram/ml, although further increase of the antibody concentration did not significantly augment the inhibitory effect. Immunoblot analysis with defined proteolytic fragments revealed that both antibodies are directed to the cell-binding domain of fibronectin. The epitopes for these antibodies were further narrowed down using recombinant cell-binding fragments expressed in Escherichia coli. FN12-8 recognized the 11.5-kDa cell-binding fragment previously characterized by Pierschbacher et al. (1981, Cell 26, 259-267), suggesting that FN12-8 blocks the Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) cell adhesion signal. FN30-8 could not bind this fragment but did recognize a longer cell-binding fragment containing additional greater than 111 amino acid residues upstream of the 11.5-kDa fragment. Since the RGD-dependent cell adhes...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Monoclonal Antibodies
Monoclonal antibodies, antineoplastic
Specimen Type - Fibroblasts
Antigenic Specificity
Arginyl-glycyl-aspartic acid
Proteolytic Enzyme

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