Nov 1, 1989

Isolation and characterization of two monoclonal antibodies that recognize remote epitopes on the cell-binding domain of human fibronectin

Experimental Cell Research
M KatayamaK Sekiguchi

Abstract

Two monoclonal anti-fibronectin antibodies that inhibit fibronectin-mediated cell adhesion have been established and characterized. One antibody, FN12-8, inhibited attachment of rat kidney fibroblasts on the fibronectin-coated substrate in a concentration-dependent manner, attaining a maximal inhibition of greater than 85% at 850 micrograms/ml. Another antibody, FN30-8, caused about 70% inhibition at a concentration as low as 0.85 microgram/ml, although further increase of the antibody concentration did not significantly augment the inhibitory effect. Immunoblot analysis with defined proteolytic fragments revealed that both antibodies are directed to the cell-binding domain of fibronectin. The epitopes for these antibodies were further narrowed down using recombinant cell-binding fragments expressed in Escherichia coli. FN12-8 recognized the 11.5-kDa cell-binding fragment previously characterized by Pierschbacher et al. (1981, Cell 26, 259-267), suggesting that FN12-8 blocks the Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) cell adhesion signal. FN30-8 could not bind this fragment but did recognize a longer cell-binding fragment containing additional greater than 111 amino acid residues upstream of the 11.5-kDa fragment. Since the RGD-dependent cell adhes...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Monoclonal Antibodies
Monoclonal antibodies, antineoplastic
Exertion
Specimen Type - Fibroblasts
Fn1
Antigenic Specificity
Arginyl-glycyl-aspartic acid
Proteolytic Enzyme
Immunoblotting
Recombinants

Related Feeds

Adhesion Molecules in Health and Disease

Cell adhesion molecules are a subset of cell adhesion proteins located on the cell surface involved in binding with other cells or with the extracellular matrix in the process called cell adhesion. In essence, cell adhesion molecules help cells stick to each other and to their surroundings. Cell adhesion is a crucial component in maintaining tissue structure and function. Discover the latest research on adhesion molecule and their role in health and disease here.