PMID: 7243May 1, 1976

Isolation and properties of alpha-D-mannosidase from human kidney

The Biochemical Journal
D V Marinkovic, J N Marinkovic

Abstract

Alpha-D-Mannosidase activity exists in three forms that can be separated by DEAE-cellulose chromatography, alpha-D-Mannosidase was isolated from human kidney in a homogeneous state, and was purified 2100-fold, with p-nitrophenyl alpha-D-mannoside as substrate. The purified alpha-D-mannosidase was practically free from all other glycosidases tested. The Km of the synthetic substrate with the enzyme was 1 X 10(-3) M and the pH optimum 4.5. It was inhibited by heavy metals, sodium dodecyl sulphate, urea and compounds that react with the thiol groups, and was activated by Zn2+, Na+, 2-mercaptoethanol, human albumin and gamma-globulin. The mol. wt. of the enzyme was estimated to be 180 000 +/- 4500. After pretreatment with 2-mercaptoethanol and sodium dodecyl sulphate, alpha-D-mannosidase dissociated into subunits of mol. wts. of 58 000 +/- 600 and 30 000 +/- 380 respectively. Subunits of the same molecular weights were also obtained after the enzyme was heated at 100 degrees C.

Related Concepts

Ammonium Sulfate
Disaccharidases
Enzyme Activation
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Kidney
Mannosidase
Protein Denaturation

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