May 4, 1976

Isolation of brain endopeptidases: influence of size and sequence of substrates structurally related to bradykinin

Biochemistry
E B OliveiraA C Camargo

Abstract

Two thiol-activated endopeptidases with pH optima near pH 7.5 were isolated from the supernatant fraction of rabbit brain homogenates by DEAE-cellulose chromatography, gel filtration and isoelectrofocusing. Peptide bond hydrolysis was measured quantitatively by ion-exchange chromatography with an amino acid analyzer. Brain kininase A hydrolyzes the Phe5-Ser6 peptide bond in bradykinin (Bk), Arg1-Pro2-Pro3-Gly4-Phe5-Ser6-Pro7-Phe8-Arg9. It is isoelectric near pH 5.2 and has a molecular weight of approximately 71 000. The enzyme also hydrolyzes the Phe-Ser peptide bond in Lys-Bk, Met-Lys-Bk, des-Arg1-Bk, Lys9-Bk, Pro-Gly-Phe-Ser-Pro-Phe-Arg, and Gly-Pro-Phe-Ser-Pro-Phe-Arg, but does not hydrolyze (0.1%) this bond in des-Phe8-Arg9-Bk. Brain kininase B hydrolyzes the Pro7-Phe8 peptide bond in Bk. It is isoelectric at pH 4.9 and has a molecular weight of approximately 68 000. Brain kininase B also hydrolyzes the Pro-Phe bond in Lys-Bk, Met-Lys-Bk, Lys9-Bk, Ser-Pro-Phe-Arg, and Phe-Ser-Pro-Arg. Pretreatment of denatured kininogen with brain kininase A or B did not reduce the amount of trypsin-releasable Bk from this precursor protein, indicating that the Bk sequence, when part of a large protein, is not a substrate for either enzyme....Continue Reading

  • References22
  • Citations61

Mentioned in this Paper

KNG1
Carboxy-Terminal Amino Acid
Enzymes, antithrombotic
Structure-Activity Relationship
Kininogen
Brain
Endopeptidase B
Ileum
Prolylarginine
Endopeptidases

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